Ruthenium

From Chemistry Resource
Jump to: navigation, search
Ruthenium

This is ruthenium.

Symbol Ru
Atomic number 44
Atomic mass 101.07 amu

Ruthenium, was discovered in 1844 and named after the Latin word Ruthenia, meaning "Russia".

Distinguishing properties

Ruthenium is a rare metal, occurring in no more than 0.01 parts-per-million of the matter in the earth's crust. This metal has a grey-white appearance and a hard, brittle character. It also has a high melting temperature and its brittleness make it difficult to refine and cast into useful shapes. These properties seriously limit commercial applications.

Occurrence

Ruthenium is one of the platinum metals. Virtually all of the world's supply of ruthenium is recovered from the byproducts of platinum-refining operations. Ruthenium is used as a hardener when it is alloyed with platinum.

Usage

Ruthenium has some application as a catalyst in the petroleum industry, in special alloys for electrical devices, electrical contacts and as electrodeposited coatings. Ruthenium is also used in jewellery alloyed with palladium.

See also

Periodic table of the elements