Methods of measuring reaction rates
Since the reaction rate is the change in the amount of a product or a reactant per unit time, any property that is related to amount of product or reactant present can be used to measure the rate of reaction. Some properties that can be used to measure the reaction rate are given in the following table. Note that the sign for the changes ratio has been taken as positive in all case although that may not be the case depending on the property being measured.
The rate of reaction usually depends on the concentration of reactants. So the reaction rate is normally given as change in concentration over time. Then the rate will have units like M s-1. If the change in some other property over time is used to measure the rate, this property is usually converted back into concentration units. For example, if the amount of light absorbed by a solution is used measured the rate, then the absorption is usually converted into the concentration of the species which is then used to calculate the rate of the reaction.