6.1 - Binary Compounds
6.1.1 - Binary
compounds containing two nonmetals
Before we proceed, you need to be able to identify which
are the nonmetals. Click on the elements to the right to locate the nonmetals
on the periodic table.
Here are some examples of binary compounds containing two
Rules for naming binary compounds containing two nonmetals:
If two vowels appear next to each other, the vowel from the Greek prefix
is dropped. This is for ease of pronunciation.
The second element has the ending -ide.
The number of atoms of each element is indicated with Greek
prefixes. In the case of mono-, it is only used for the second
nonmetal. When no prefix appears, one atom is assumed.
- monooxide becomes monoxide
- tetraoxide becomes tetroxide
- pentaoxide becomes pentoxide
Let's apply the above rules and name the above examples.
Click on each formula to check the name of each compound.
Compounds Containing Two Nonmetals ..p166