10.6 pH & pOH
ACIDS & BASES AND IONIC REACTIONS
10.1 - Properties of Acids and Bases
The table below contrasts between acids and bases:
Acids are formed from the reaction of nonmetal oxides
eg: carbonic acid is formed by reacting carbon dioxide
CO2 (g) + H2O (l)
Bases such as LiOH, NaOH, KOH, RbOH and CsOH can be made by reacting
the corresponding alkali metals with water.
eg: 2 Li (s) + H2O (l)
2 LiOH (aq) + H2 (g)
Metal oxides also react with water to form bases.
eg: Na2O (s) + H2O (l)
2 NaOH (aq)
and Definitions of Acids and Bases